Prostate-specific antigen increase during dutasteride to indicate the need for prostate biopsy: influence of prostatic inflammation



The aim of this study was to analyze the significance of an increase in total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) serum levels despite dutasteride treatment as a predictor of prostate cancer (PC) at biopsy. We focused our attention on the rate of the first PSA increase and on the influence of prostatic inflammation.


From 2011 to 2016, 365 men with a previous negative prostate biopsy and persistent elevated PSA levels received dutasteride treatment. The population was followed for a range of 12-48 months.


One hundred twelve cases with a confirmed PSA increase >0.5 ng/ml over the nadir value during the follow-up were included in Group A and underwent a new prostate biopsy. In Group A, the PSA increase was associated with PC at the re-biopsy in 66% of cases. The percentage of PSA reduction after 6 months of treatment was not a significant indicator of the risk for PC. The distribution of inflammatory infiltrates significantly (p<00.01) varied from positive to negative prostate biopsies. The relative risk for PC at biopsy significantly increased according to PSA level during dutasteride.


Treatment with dutasteride can help to analyze PSA kinetic. A persistent prostatic inflammation is a factor able to reduce the performance of PSA kinetic during dutasteride treatment.

Urologia 2017; 84(3): 158 - 164




Alessandro Sciarra, Martina Maggi, Andrea Fasulo, Stefano Salciccia, Vincenzo Gentile, Susanna Cattarino, Alessandro Gentilucci

Article History


Financial support: The authors have no financial support for this study.
Conflicts of interest: None of the contributing authors have any conflict of interest, including specific financial interests or relationships and affiliations relevant to the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript.

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  • Department of Urology, Sapienza University, Rome - Italy
  • Department of Statistic, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome - Italy

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